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Ways to Encourage Movement for Infant Motor Development

Activity is important for all children’s development, including newborns and infants. Babies need freedom to move each and every day to develop and build muscles before they begin sitting up, crawling, or walking. All babies need to interact with and explore his or her environment outside of a bouncer, stroller or carrier. Tummy time is one of the best ways to help newborns and infants be active and develop muscle strength. For tummy time, simply lay your baby on his stomach so he can lift his head up and look around. Start with a short period of time and gradually increase as your baby grows. Tummy time should always be supervised.

Here are a few additional ways you can encourage active, free movement for your newborn or infant at each stage of life:

1-5 months

  • Encourage your baby to lift his head by holding toys at eye level in front of him.
  • Give your baby something to reach for and hold onto such as your finger or a toy.
  • Hold your baby upright with her feet on the floor, and sing and talk to her.
  • Use toys that are soft, safe for infants and colorful to attract attention.
  • Place your baby on his back to sleep during naps and at nighttime.

6-8 months

  • Place toys near your baby so she can move and reach for them.
  • Put toys just out of reach to encourage him to roll over from his tummy or back to reach them.
  • Hold your baby up while she sits or support her with pillows; let her look around or give her toys to look at while she balances.
  • Play on the floor with your baby every day.

9-11 months

  • Give baby a large, safe place to move around and explore.
  • Stay close by as your baby explores and moves around so she knows that you are near.
  • Put your baby close to furniture that she can safely use to pull up to stand.
  • Child-proof your home as your baby begins to move about on his own. Use safety gates, lock up cleaning, laundry, lawn care and car care products, and lock outside and basement doors.

For more information about encouraging a child’s development, visit www.helpmegrowmn.org.

Portions of this content, developed by Help Me Grow Minnesota, may have previously appeared elsewhere.
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